The Holy Scriptures are our letters from home.
Daily Scripture reading is important, even if you only have time to read a line or two - or try to read a chapter a day.
The point is that God inspired Scripture to not only tell us about salvation history but to speak to us personally. If a line of Scripture jumps out at you, then reflect on that during the day.
One thing about our time is that we have many ways to access Scripture. You can get an app that will bring you daily Scripture. You can listen to CD's or podcasts. There is a Pray as You Go podcast that you can subscribe to.
When I lived alone and ate breakfast alone, I would read a chapter in Scripture as I ate.
There are three types of prayer: vocal, meditation, and contemplation. Vocal prayer is speaking to God. It can be a standardized prayer, or your own thoughts, whether spoken out loud or silently in your thoughts. The Catholic Church is a community Church so we have lots of form prayers that can be said together. But prayers that you make up spontaneously fit into this category of vocal prayer.
Meditation is reflecting on a prayer or on Scripture. Thinking of how you can apply it to your life; thinking of what Jesus meant by that during His time.